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The Most Common Types of Tea

Tea is a very popular beverage all around the world. Actually, it’s the second most taken drink, only behind water. Tea’s been taken for many thousands of years and different varieties are grown in many areas of the world. More than 3000 blends of tea are available and more flavors are made every day. With so many different flavors available, it can be a challenge to pick one. So, these are the 4 most common tea varieties across the world.

Black tea

The most oxidized among all kinds of tea, black tea is stronger as well and has a higher caffeine content than other types. In the oxidation process, the tea leaves lose water and absorb more oxygen. Pu-erh is one black tea variety that’s oxidized twice as much and is therefore more powerful than other black tea types. The oxidation process produces the dark brown and black leaves used to make black tea. Although it’s known as black tea, it’s in fact crimson and so it’s called crimson tea by the Chinese.
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White tea
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White tea’s the opposite of black tea as it goes through minimal oxidation. However, the leaves used to make white tea are taken from young buds. Of the many kinds of tea, white tea is the most subtle and contains some natural sweetness. Popular white tea varieties include Assam white, African white, Darjeeling white, and Ceylon white. Research has shown that white tea has stronger antibacterial content than green tea.

Green tea

Being the least oxidized tea type, green tea is the true opposite of black tea. Moreover, it contains the least caffeine content; hardly exceeding 30 %. Taking green tea regularly provides numerous health benefits, including reduced risk of some types of cancer and heart attacks. Just 10 % of the entire tea produced and consumed around the world is green tea. But it’s quickly becoming more and more popular, especially in regions where the most popular variety is black tea.

Oolong tea

Oolong tea is quite popular among the Chinese and is less oxidized than black tea, but more than green tea. As it’s one of the top teas, it’s very costly as well. It’s the ideal choice for people who are not into the strong flavor produced by black tea and the subtle flavor produced by green tea. Based on the leaves used and where it’s cultivated, oolong tea is categorized into many different varieties. Regardless of which variety you go for, oolong tea is one of the top teas produced in China and gives a better taste without sugar or milk.

Whether you’re just enjoying tea or drinking it for health, the most important point to remember is to find one that you like, that matches your taste, mood and occasion.